Chlorine Dioxide in Water Treatment

Chlorine Dioxide in Water Treatment

Chlorine Dioxide in Water Treatment

Chlorine dioxide is a powerful oxidizing agent. Although it is usually used for bleaching, it’s also sometimes used for water treatment.

In scientific terms, chlorine dioxide is a chemical compound: CIO2. Although chlorine dioxide is a compound and chlorine is a naturally occurring element, chloride is often less harmful chlorine than when used appropriately. More and more, chemical water treatment technology tends to favor using chlorine dioxide over chlorine and iodine.

Powerful Disinfectant, Potential Health Risk

Chlorine Dioxide in treating water

When reacting with organic matter present in water, chlorine can create chloroform, which some argue is a carcinogen. Chlorine dioxide, however, cannot form chloroform and is known to be less irritating to the human body. When added to water, CIO2 doesn’t combine with organic matter at all, and so it doesn’t produce chlorinated hydrocarbons.

Without getting too complicated, the oxidizing agent in chlorine dioxide separates electrons from reactive molecules, effectively neutralizing bad tastes and odors when used for water treatment. As a strong bleaching agent, CIO2 works quickly to kill microorganisms, different bacteria, viruses, funguses, and spores.

There are many uses for chlorine dioxide. The primary use for chlorine dioxide is as a bleach in pulp and paper factories. However, it’s also used in ammonia plants, oil fields, the textile industry, and the electronic industry and is often applied to medical waste.  Scarier still, CIO2 is beginning to be used in the food industry to disinfect fruit, vegetable, and poultry and food processing equipment.

Global deforestation contributes 11 % to global greenhouse emmissions

So, how do chlorine and chlorine dioxide compare? When used at temperatures above 11°C, carbon dioxide is approximately ten times more soluble than chlorine. It is safer for the human body as it doesn’t form THMs. When used for water treatment, chlorine dioxide is also more effective at removing cryptosporidium and giardia, the two most common parasites in water that cause diarrhea.

Unfortunately, the results aren’t all good. According to the Australian government’s Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population, and Communities, over-exposure to chlorine dioxide may irritate the nose and throat, coughing, chest pain, and eye sensitivity, especially around the light. Over-exposure to chlorine dioxide as gas can cause severe irritation to the lungs. According to the Australian government, too high exposure to CIO2 can cause pulmonary edema, a severe, life-threatening illness caused by fluid in the lungs.

After long-term, concentrated exposure to chlorine dioxide, one can develop acute bronchitis, shortness of breath, and permanent lung damage.

The maximum amount of chlorine dioxide in water should be 1mg to every 1L of water.

Although CIO2 is safe in small doses, why would you take the risk when there are so many other water treatment forms available? If in doubt, it is always safer to opt for water treatment that doesn’t rely on chemicals.

The long-term effects of chemical treatments on food and water are yet to be fully discovered.  Whether safe or not, it’s always beneficial to opt for the most natural option, especially for something as vital and fundamental as water.

Chlorine Dioxide Structure

The World Health Organisation has a very informative guideline to help understand the impact and use of Chlorine Dioxide, Chlorite and Chlorate in Drinking-water.   It is worth a read.

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Camping Water Filter

Camping Water Filter

Portable Water Filtration Perfect for Camping

When you’re camping or hiking you don’t want to load yourself down. After all, you’re getting away from it all, not taking it all with you. You want compact camping equipment and ultralight hiking gear, but you also need to carry health and safety gear, including a camping water filter that is light, compact, and reliable.

Did you know that approximately 1 in 4 people who travel for over a week will become ill (some studies show even higher) due to contaminated water?  

Around the world, there are so many pristine locations to establish camp and to hike in breathtaking beauty. The forests of Germany, the Italian Alps, the Canadian Rockies, New Zealand’s Milford Track, The Pyrenees in southern France, a quiet burn in the Scottish highlands, an established tent village in Kenya, the heritage-listed Daintree, Australia – and the list goes on.

Wherever you overnight under canvas, there’s one common worldwide threat. Waterborne bacteria are potentially present in every water source, including municipal tap water. Parasitic cysts for Giardia and Cryptosporidium may also be in water sources worldwide, with Cryptosporidium, in particular, posing a critical short or long term health risk.

Water Purification Was Never This Easy

No need to boil and store up camping water. No need to cart gallons of clean drinking water to the campsite if you have a water source close by.

Just have the Survival Jerrycan, camping water filter as part of your kit. No need to worry if there is bacterial or parasitic contamination in that crystal clear stream.

With the Survival Jerrycan, you can drink from local water supplies, lake water, spring water, and other water sources with confidence.

It’s an ideal purification treatment for counteracting the threat of ‘Beaver Fever,’ also known as Giardiasis, so named because of the gastrointestinal sickness resulting from ingesting the Giardia cysts that inhabit water sources downstream from beaver dams.

Turn bacteria-contaminated water into clean water by merely sipping through the best portable light camping filter on the market, and the kids will think it’s fun – so no nagging needed. The Survival Jerrycan is ingeniously designed to trap dangerous substances by filtering water through a 0.01-micron filtration membrane.

With proper use, it will filter up to 40,000 liters ensuring you have clean camping and hiking water to drink.

Final Say

Camping and hiking are great for your heart and well-being. SureAqua products are a great compliment for your healthy lifestyle and maintaining your health and well-being.

Our chemical-free, water purifying products will fit perfectly in your camping water filter kit.

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Drinking Water Quality – Bad Quality Water

Drinking Water Quality – Bad Quality Water

Water quality is questioned more and more, as it should be. As towns and cities grow the demand on infrastructure becomes stretched to and past the limits.

We need to be aware of the challenges and educate ourselves accordingly. This includes being prepared according for when notification of contaminated water might be made.

Questions around this would include local conditions and the type of incidence that might occur and the resulting contamination that you would need to address in your water to be able to drink it safely.

When familiar with the SureAqua range, you may also be able to review the volume of water that you store from a disaster preparedness angle. If you live in an area where flooding is common, you may be able to source flood water and use the SureAquaJerrycan, therefore, reducing the need to store high volume water.

The SureAqua range of products can address microbiological contamination like no other product, you will not question your water quality when using the products

Our earth is covered by around 70% of water, of that 70%, only about 1% that is drinkable. Of all water being consumed by people about 95% ends up in our sewage system. As consumers of water, our water consumption is up 100% in the last 30 years.

In that time, we have increased our pollution by more than 350% per person, we have removed enormous areas of forests, we have increased our heavy industry by more than 2 fold, and quadrupled the number of motor vehicles, as well as our population, is growing at a rapid rate.

It is no wonder that our earth has more and more issues with challenged water quality.

Many recent surveys and reports have attributed liver damage, cancer, arthritis and many other diseases less than effective water purification systems.

Latest US water supply reports have shown that approximately 65% of town water supplies has some form of unacceptable (EPA levels) levels of contamination. Most town water supplies have elaborate water purification and filtration systems to remove and destroy unwelcome contaminants.

There is a large number of bacteria, oocysts, cysts and virus that contaminate our water, many are caused by human invention. This can be from sewage effluent to industrial pollution to toxic rain

Some of the main culprits in todays water impurifications include; Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium, Leptospira (leptospirosis), Vibrio cholerae, salmonella, Clostridium botulinum (botulism), pathogenic viruses, the larvae of flukes. Each can have devastating, if not fatal effects on humans if not effectively treated..

What about heavy metals is water?

Heavy metals in water can lead to some very serious side effects including brain damage, development of autoimmunity, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney, and nervous system diseases. When we refer to heavy metals we normally refer to toxic metals. These, in most, originate from industrial & urban runoff; that is from roads and house roofs; factory outputs; industrial wastes, garbage tips, coal burning, waste incinerators, mining.

There are over 50 plus heavy metals elements. Of that, there are 18 that are considered toxic. Mercury, selenium lead, cadmium, chromium, thallium, and arsenic are the worst of the heavy toxic metals that should be avoided at all costs. Other heavy metals that are required in very small dosages, 1 µg or less per day by the human body include zinc, copper, and chromium, though in large dosages can be fatal.

These heavy toxic metals are considered as dangerous as they bioaccumulate in the body. That is, they build up faster than they are removed through human excretion, This build up that causes much of the damage to humans.

Even though toxic heavy metals are a lesser concern compared to bacteria followed by viruses, it should not be discounted as there have been some majors water disasters attributed to heavy metals. Some more prevalent ones have been in France (Sandoz), Spain (Coto de Donana) and Australia (Sydney).

It’s not only the water you should be concerned about drinking, fruit, vegetable, grains, seafood, and shellfish can also contain toxic metals and bacteria as the water used to grow the plants or the seafood is contaminated and polluted.

How does contamination get into our water supplies?

There are a large number of ways the contamination enters our water supplies, these include

• Toxic incinerators, coal-burning plants
• Industrial wastes (Process wastes from mining and industry)
• Garbage dumps
• Road run-offs
• City smog caused by car fumes
• Animal Droppings

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